Openpyxl column widths and row heights

Posted on Saturday, February 8, 2020





I recently wrote a article going over how to use json to make an xls file in python using openpyxl http://www.whiteboardcoder.com/2020/02/openpyxl-and-json-round-2.html [1]
Also I created a post about formatting number http://www.whiteboardcoder.com/2020/02/openpyxl-number-format.html [2]


I am going to reuse some of that code but now I want to change the column widths and the row heights.



Simple test


Let me create a simple json file that represents a budget where it also has years that will be converted into sheets in Excel


{
   "2018":{
        "January": {
                "food": 240.5,
                "heating": 89.2,
                "rent": 1709.10
        },
        "February": {
                "food": 202.5,
                "heating": 112.2,
                "rent": 1709.10
        },
        "March": {
                "food": 320.5,
                "heating": 45.2,
                "rent": 1709.10
        }
   },
   "2019":{
        "January": {
                "food": 120.5,
                "heating": 88.2,
                "rent": 1809.10
        },
        "February": {
                "food": 102.5,
                "heating": 122.2,
                "rent": 1809.10
        },
        "March": {
                "food": 120.5,
                "heating": 35.2,
                "rent": 1809.10
        }
   },
   "2020":{
        "January": {
                "food": 220.5,
                "heating": 18.2,
                "rent": 1909.10
        },
        "February": {
                "food": 223.5,
                "heating": 12.2,
                "rent": 1909.10
        },
        "March": {
                "food": 120.5,
                "heating": 25.2,
                "rent": 1909.10
        }
   }
}


Save this in a file called original.jsonYou can use a tool like https://jsonlint.com/

To confirm it is in the correct format.



Or you can use jq from the command line




  > jq . original.json






Simple python script to create xls file from json




  > vi createxls_from_json_multiple_sheets.py


And place the following in it


#!/usr/bin/env python3

import openpyxl
import json
from openpyxl import Workbook
from openpyxl.styles import numbers

header_dict = { "1": "Month",
                "2": "food",
                "3": "heating",
                "4": "rent",
                }

#Accounting format
fmt_acct = u'_($* #,##0.00_);[Red]_($* (#,##0.00);_($* -_0_0_);_(@'


#Populate the headers
def populate_header_row(ws):
  for col in range(1, len(header_dict)+1):
    ws.cell(1,col, header_dict[str(col)])


#Populate the rows
def populate_row(row_num, data_dict, ws):
    #Set month column
    ws.cell(row_num,1,data_dict["Month"])

    #Set the number format for each $ cell
    for col in range(2,len(data_dict)+1):
      col_value = data_dict[header_dict[str(col)]]
      ws.cell(row_num, col, col_value).number_format = fmt_acct


def populate_sheet(json_data, ws):
   populate_header_row(ws)

   row_num = 1
   for month in json_data.keys():
     row_num+=1
     data_dict = json_data[month]
     data_dict["Month"] = month
     populate_row(row_num, data_dict, ws)



#############################################
#  MAIN
#############################################
if __name__ == '__main__':

   json_data = {}

   with open("original.json") as json_file:
     json_data = json.load(json_file)

   wb = Workbook()
   #When you make a new workbook you get a new blank active sheet
   #We need to delete it since we do not want it
   wb.remove(wb.active)

   for year in json_data.keys():
     sheet = wb.create_sheet(title=year)
     populate_sheet(json_data[year], sheet)

   #Save it to excel
   wb.save("col_width_row_height.xlsx")





Now chmod it and run it



  > chmod u+x createxls_from_json_multiple_sheets.py
  >  ./createxls_from_json_multiple_sheets.py


Now open it up









Set auto width for columns

For a first simple setting lets fix the width to auto size based on text size



  > vi createxls_from_json_multiple_sheets.py


And place the following in it


#!/usr/bin/env python3

import openpyxl
import json
from openpyxl import Workbook
from openpyxl.styles import numbers
from openpyxl.utils import get_column_letter


header_dict = { "1": "Month",
                "2": "food",
                "3": "heating",
                "4": "rent",
                }

#Accounting format
fmt_acct = u'_($* #,##0.00_);[Red]_($* (#,##0.00);_($* -_0_0_);_(@'


#Populate the headers
def populate_header_row(ws):
  for col in range(1, len(header_dict)+1):
    ws.cell(1,col, header_dict[str(col)])


#Populate the rows
def populate_row(row_num, data_dict, ws):
    #Set month column
    ws.cell(row_num,1,data_dict["Month"])

    #Set the number format for each $ cell
    for col in range(2,len(data_dict)+1):
      col_value = data_dict[header_dict[str(col)]]
      ws.cell(row_num, col, col_value).number_format = fmt_acct
      ws.column_dimensions[get_column_letter(col)].auto_size = True


def populate_sheet(json_data, ws):
   populate_header_row(ws)

   row_num = 1
   for month in json_data.keys():
     row_num+=1
     data_dict = json_data[month]
     data_dict["Month"] = month
     populate_row(row_num, data_dict, ws)




#############################################
#  MAIN
#############################################
if __name__ == '__main__':

   json_data = {}

   with open("original.json") as json_file:
     json_data = json.load(json_file)

   wb = Workbook()
   #When you make a new workbook you get a new blank active sheet
   #We need to delete it since we do not want it
   wb.remove(wb.active)

   for year in json_data.keys():
     sheet = wb.create_sheet(title=year)
     populate_sheet(json_data[year], sheet)

   #Save it to excel
   wb.save("col_width_row_height.xlsx")

   with open("original.json") as json_file:
     json_data = json.load(json_file)

   wb = Workbook()
   #When you make a new workbook you get a new blank active sheet
   #We need to delete it since we do not want it
   wb.remove(wb.active)

   for year in json_data.keys():
     sheet = wb.create_sheet(title=year)
     populate_sheet(json_data[year], sheet)

   #Save it to excel
   wb.save("col_width_row_height.xlsx")





Now run it


  >  ./createxls_from_json_multiple_sheets.py


And open it





Now the columns are auto width J

If I put a huge number in it





It will resize J

Set size


What about having a set size



#!/usr/bin/env python3

import openpyxl
import json
from openpyxl import Workbook
from openpyxl.styles import numbers
from openpyxl.utils import get_column_letter


header_dict = { "1": "Month",
                "2": "food",
                "3": "heating",
                "4": "rent",
                }

#Accounting format
fmt_acct = u'_($* #,##0.00_);[Red]_($* (#,##0.00);_($* -_0_0_);_(@'


#Populate the headers
def populate_header_row(ws):
  for col in range(1, len(header_dict)+1):
    ws.cell(1,col, header_dict[str(col)])


#Populate the rows
def populate_row(row_num, data_dict, ws):
    #Set month column
    ws.cell(row_num,1,data_dict["Month"])

    #Set the number format for each $ cell
    for col in range(2,len(data_dict)+1):
      col_value = data_dict[header_dict[str(col)]]
      ws.cell(row_num, col, col_value).number_format = fmt_acct
      ws.column_dimensions[get_column_letter(col)].width = 16.1


def populate_sheet(json_data, ws):
   populate_header_row(ws)

   row_num = 1
   for month in json_data.keys():
     row_num+=1
     data_dict = json_data[month]
     data_dict["Month"] = month
     populate_row(row_num, data_dict, ws)




#############################################
#  MAIN
#############################################
if __name__ == '__main__':

   json_data = {}

   with open("original.json") as json_file:
     json_data = json.load(json_file)

   wb = Workbook()
   #When you make a new workbook you get a new blank active sheet
   #We need to delete it since we do not want it
   wb.remove(wb.active)

   for year in json_data.keys():
     sheet = wb.create_sheet(title=year)
     populate_sheet(json_data[year], sheet)

   #Save it to excel
   wb.save("col_width_row_height.xlsx")






Now run it


  >  ./createxls_from_json_multiple_sheets.py


And open it




I do now have a set width
But it is not exactly what I set to be…
I set it to be 16.1, but got 15.43…. Why?

The short answer is its complicated…
For more reading see https://bitbucket.org/openpyxl/openpyxl/issues/293/column-width-issue [3]


It looks like if I want to get an exact width I am going to need to create a table to factor in a little nudge number based on the range.
For my purposes this is more than I need….. I will either auto-size it or just tweak my number larger than it needs to be to get the results I want…


Now moving on the row height!

Set row height


Tweaking the code some more.


#!/usr/bin/env python3

import openpyxl
import json
from openpyxl import Workbook
from openpyxl.styles import numbers
from openpyxl.utils import get_column_letter


header_dict = { "1": "Month",
                "2": "food",
                "3": "heating",
                "4": "rent",
                }

#Accounting format
fmt_acct = u'_($* #,##0.00_);[Red]_($* (#,##0.00);_($* -_0_0_);_(@'


#Populate the headers
def populate_header_row(ws):
  for col in range(1, len(header_dict)+1):
    ws.cell(1,col, header_dict[str(col)])


#Populate the rows
def populate_row(row_num, data_dict, ws):
    #Set month column
    ws.cell(row_num,1,data_dict["Month"])

    #Set row height
    ws.row_dimensions[row_num].height = 35.5

    #Set the number format for each $ cell
    for col in range(2,len(data_dict)+1):
      col_value = data_dict[header_dict[str(col)]]
      ws.cell(row_num, col, col_value).number_format = fmt_acct
      ws.column_dimensions[get_column_letter(col)].width = 16.1
      #ws.column_dimensions[get_column_letter(col)].auto_size = True


def populate_sheet(json_data, ws):
   populate_header_row(ws)

   row_num = 1
   for month in json_data.keys():
     row_num+=1
     data_dict = json_data[month]
     data_dict["Month"] = month
     populate_row(row_num, data_dict, ws)




#############################################
#  MAIN
#############################################
if __name__ == '__main__':

   json_data = {}

   with open("original.json") as json_file:
     json_data = json.load(json_file)

   wb = Workbook()
   #When you make a new workbook you get a new blank active sheet
   #We need to delete it since we do not want it
   wb.remove(wb.active)

   for year in json_data.keys():
     sheet = wb.create_sheet(title=year)
     populate_sheet(json_data[year], sheet)

   #Save it to excel
   wb.save("col_width_row_height.xlsx")



Now run it


  >  ./createxls_from_json_multiple_sheets.py


And open it






Looks like I am again close to what I want but not exact…
Well good enough for now.

Otherwise the default is to autosize based on data in the row

Calling it good !





References


[1]        Openpyxl and json round 2
[2]        Openpyxl number format
http://www.whiteboardcoder.com/2020/02/openpyxl-number-format.html
Accessed 02/2020
[3]        column width issue.
https://bitbucket.org/openpyxl/openpyxl/issues/293/column-width-issue
Accessed 02/2020


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